Tikal

Declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Tikal National Park shelters the remains of one of the largest and most important cities in the Pre-Hispanic history of the Maya Civilization as well as 550 square kilometers of exuberant rainforest, home to a great diversity of flora and fauna.

The city of Tikal was inhabited for nearly 1,500 years, starting in the Mid Preclassic (800 BC), until it was abandoned during the ninth century. The structures and monuments found at this site relate the important role Tikal played in measuring time with the Long Count Calendar, and the commemoration of the beginning of various K´atun periods and of the Bak´tun 9.

To this day, Tikal has the oldest Long Count date recorded in the Maya Lowlands (Stela 29, 292 AD), indicating that it was the first or one of the first cities to establish a dynastic government that recorded its rulers in stone stela with hieroglyphic inscriptions. Therefore Tikal recorded a dynastic sequence of 33 successive kings.

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